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Seafile开源的个人网盘及企业网盘搭建

技术教程 Dr.V 1008次浏览 0个评论

随着大批网盘的倒下,你还在依靠互联网上的网盘携带传输文件么?本文教你如何自己搭建属于自己的个人大容量网盘及企业网盘。

  1. seafile简介Seafile是一个面向企业、团队的云盘,解决文件管理和共享的问题。在此基础上,Seafile提供群组协作的功能,形成一个以文档为中心的协作平台。并且提供全平台的客户端,包括linux、windows及mac.并且提供手机客户端,支持Android和IOS。

  2. 下载服务器

    seafile官网下载地址

    选择下载最新版,这里我用的是最新Linux版的5.1.1 64bit.

  3. 解压将下载下来的压缩包解压到/home/seafile下即可.
    tar -zxvf seafile-server-5.1.1 -C /home/seafile
  4. 系统环境准备

    因为官方是在centos7上测试的,centos7的自带python是2.7版本的。这里我的系统是centos6.5。而centos6.5的自带python版本是2.6的,所以需要自己编译安装python2.7。

    1)编译安装python2.7

    cd <span class="constant">Python</span>-<span class="number">2.7</span>.<span class="number">8</span>
    .<span class="regexp">/configure --prefix=/usr</span><span class="regexp">/local/python</span>2.<span class="number">7</span>
    make
    make install

    2)安装以下软件

    • mysql #yum 安装即可
    • python-setuptools
    • python-imaging
    • python-ldap #与ldap结合认证
    • MySQL-python
    • python-memcached #与memcached结合,提高缓存性能
    • pillow #很重要,解决后期验证码刷不出来的问题
      以上软件包都可以去 pypi 下载。
      安装实例:

      tar zxvf Imaging-1.1.7.tar.gz
      cd Imaging-1.1.7
      python2.7 setup.py install   <span class="comment">#注意是python2.7!否则安装也是按系统python2.6编译的,会导致seafile安装不了</span>
  5. 安装seafile服务器
    cd /home/seafile/seafile-server-5.1.1
    ./setup-seafile-mysql.sh

    接下来按照提示一步步填写就ok了.

  6. 修改防火墙
    $ vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables
    -A INPUT -p tcp -<span class="keyword">m</span> <span class="keyword">state</span> --<span class="keyword">state</span> NEW -<span class="keyword">m</span> tcp --dport <span class="number">8000</span> -j ACCEPT
    -A INPUT -p tcp -<span class="keyword">m</span> <span class="keyword">state</span> --<span class="keyword">state</span> NEW -<span class="keyword">m</span> tcp --dport <span class="number">8082</span> -j ACCEPT
  7. 启动、停止seafile服务器
    ./seafile.sh start
    ./seahub.sh start
    ./seafile.sh stop
    ./seafile.sh stop

至此个人网盘就搭建成功了。

当然个人网盘远不能满足我们需求,让我们再看看企业级网盘的应用。

  1. Nginx结合HTTPS下配置seahub保证传输的加密性1)在/home/seafile下生成证书
    openssl genrsa -<span class="keyword">out</span> privkey.pem <span class="number">2048</span>
    openssl req -<span class="keyword">new</span> -x509 -key privkey.pem -<span class="keyword">out</span> cacert.pem -days <span class="number">1095</span>

    2)nginx配置文件示例

    server {
       <span class="keyword">listen</span>       <span class="number">80</span>;
       server_name  www.yourdoamin.com;
       rewrite ^ https:<span class="regexp">//</span><span class="variable">$http_host</span><span class="variable">$request_uri</span>? permanent;    <span class="comment">#强制将http重定向到https</span>
     }
     server {
       <span class="keyword">listen</span> <span class="number">443</span>;
       ssl on;
       ssl_certificate /home/seafile/cacert.pem;            <span class="comment">#cacert.pem 文件路径</span>
       ssl_certificate_key /home/seafile/privkey.pem;    <span class="comment">#privkey.pem 文件路径</span>
       server_name www.yourdoamin.com;
       proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For <span class="variable">$remote_addr</span>;
       location / {
           fastcgi_pass    <span class="number">127.0</span>.<span class="number">0</span>.<span class="number">1</span>:<span class="number">8000</span>;
           fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME     <span class="variable">$document_root</span><span class="variable">$fastcgi_script_name</span>;
           fastcgi_param   PATH_INFO           <span class="variable">$fastcgi_script_name</span>;
           fastcgi_param   SERVER_PROTOCOL    <span class="variable">$server_protocol</span>;
           fastcgi_param   QUERY_STRING        <span class="variable">$query_string</span>;
           fastcgi_param   REQUEST_METHOD      <span class="variable">$request_method</span>;
           fastcgi_param   CONTENT_TYPE        <span class="variable">$content_type</span>;
           fastcgi_param   CONTENT_LENGTH      <span class="variable">$content_length</span>;
           fastcgi_param   SERVER_ADDR         <span class="variable">$server_addr</span>;
           fastcgi_param   SERVER_PORT         <span class="variable">$server_port</span>;
           fastcgi_param   SERVER_NAME         <span class="variable">$server_name</span>;
           fastcgi_param   HTTPS               on;
           fastcgi_param   HTTP_SCHEME         https;
           access_log      /var/<span class="keyword">log</span>/nginx/seahub.access.<span class="keyword">log</span>;
           error_log       /var/<span class="keyword">log</span>/nginx/seahub.error.<span class="keyword">log</span>;
       }
       location /seafhttp {
           rewrite ^<span class="regexp">/seafhttp(.*)$ $1 break;
           proxy_pass <a href="http://127.0.0.1:8082/" target="_blank">http:/</a></span><span class="regexp">/127.0.0.1:8082</span><span class="regexp">;
           client_max_body_size 0;
           proxy_connect_timeout  36000s;
           proxy_read_timeout  36000s;
       }
       location /media</span> {
           root /home/seafile/seafile-server-latest/seahub;
       }
     }

    3)重新加载nginx

    ../../sbin/nginx -t
    ../../sbin/nginx -s reload

    4)修改 SERVICE_URL 和 FILE_SERVER_ROOT

    <span class="variable">$ </span>vim seafile/conf/ccnet
    <span class="constant">SERVICE_URL</span> = <span class="symbol">http:</span>/<span class="regexp">/your</span><span class="regexp"> domain name</span>
    <span class="variable">$ </span>vim seafile/conf/seahub_setting.py
    <span class="constant">FILE_SERVER_ROOT</span> = <span class="string">'https://seafile.in66.cc/seafhttp'</span>

    5)修改防火墙 增加开放443端口

    -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
  2. 使用memcached提高性能

    1)yum安装memcache

    2)启动memcached

    3)编辑sehub_settings.py添加相关配置

    CACHES = {
     'default': {
         'BACKEND': 'django.core.cache.backends.memcached.MemcachedCache',
         'LOCATION': '127.0.0.1:11211',
     }
    }
  3. 编写service服务脚本,实现开启自启动1)创建/etc/sysconfig/seafile
    <span class="variable">$ </span>vim /etc/sysconfig/seafile
    user=root
    seafile_dir=<span class="regexp">/home/seafile</span>
    script_path=<span class="variable">${</span>seafile_dir}/seafile-server-latest
    seafile_init_log=<span class="variable">${</span>seafile_dir}/logs/seafile.init.log
    seahub_init_log=<span class="variable">${</span>seafile_dir}/logs/seahub.init.log
    fastcgi=<span class="keyword">true</span>
    fastcgi_port=<span class="number">8000</span>

2)创建/etc/init.d/seafile文件

$ vim /etc/init.d/seafile
<span class="comment">#!/bin/bash</span>
<span class="comment">#</span>
<span class="comment"># seafile</span>
<span class="comment">#</span>
<span class="comment"># chkconfig: - 68 32</span>
<span class="comment"># description: seafile</span>
<span class="comment"># Source function library.</span>
. <span class="regexp">/etc/init</span>.d/functions
<span class="comment"># Source networking configuration.</span>
. <span class="regexp">/etc/sysconfig</span><span class="regexp">/network
if [ -f /etc</span><span class="regexp">/sysconfig/seafile</span> ];then
        . <span class="regexp">/etc/sysconfig</span><span class="regexp">/seafile
        else
            echo "Config file /etc</span><span class="regexp">/sysconfig/seafile</span> <span class="keyword">not</span> found! Bye.<span class="string">"
            exit 200
        fi
RETVAL=0
start() {
        # Start daemons.
        echo -n <span class="variable">$"</span>Starting seafile: "</span>
        ulimit -n <span class="number">30000</span>
        su - <span class="variable">${user}</span> -c<span class="string">"<span class="subst">${script_path}</span>/seafile.sh start >> <span class="subst">${seafile_init_log}</span> 2>&1"</span>
        RETVAL=<span class="variable">$?</span>
        echo
        [ <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span> -eq <span class="number">0</span> ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/seafile
        <span class="keyword">return</span> <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span>
}
stop() {
        echo -n <span class="variable">$"</span>Shutting down seafile: <span class="string">"
        su - <span class="subst">${user}</span> -c"</span><span class="variable">${script_path}</span>/seafile.sh stop >> <span class="variable">${seafile_init_log}</span> <span class="number">2</span>>&<span class="number">1</span><span class="string">"
        RETVAL=<span class="variable">$?</span>
        echo
        [ <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span> -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/seafile
        return <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span>
}
# See how we were called.
case "</span><span class="variable">$1</span><span class="string">" in
  start)
        start
        ;;
  stop)
        stop
        ;;
  restart|reload)
        stop
        start
        RETVAL=<span class="variable">$?</span>
        ;;
  <span class="variable">*)</span>
        echo <span class="variable">$"</span>Usage: <span class="variable">$0</span> {start|stop|restart}"</span>
        RETVAL=<span class="number">3</span>
esac
<span class="keyword">exit</span> <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span>

3)创建/etc/init.d/seahub文件

$ vim /etc/init.d/seahub
<span class="comment">#!/bin/bash</span>
<span class="comment">#</span>
<span class="comment"># seahub</span>
<span class="comment">#</span>
<span class="comment"># chkconfig: - 69 31</span>
<span class="comment"># description: seahub</span>
<span class="comment"># Source function library.</span>
. <span class="regexp">/etc/init</span>.d/functions
<span class="comment"># Source networking configuration.</span>
. <span class="regexp">/etc/sysconfig</span><span class="regexp">/network
if [ -f /etc</span><span class="regexp">/sysconfig/seafile</span> ];then
        . <span class="regexp">/etc/sysconfig</span><span class="regexp">/seafile
        else
            echo "Config file /etc</span><span class="regexp">/sysconfig/seafile</span> <span class="keyword">not</span> found! Bye.<span class="string">"
            exit 200
        fi
RETVAL=0
start() {
        # Start daemons.
        echo -n <span class="variable">$"</span>Starting seahub: "</span>
        ulimit -n <span class="number">30000</span>
        <span class="keyword">if</span> [  <span class="variable">$fastcgi</span> = true ];
                then
                su - <span class="variable">${user}</span> -c<span class="string">"<span class="subst">${script_path}</span>/seahub.sh start-fastcgi <span class="subst">${fastcgi_port}</span> >> <span class="subst">${seahub_init_log}</span> 2>&1"</span>
                <span class="keyword">else</span>
                su - <span class="variable">${user}</span> -c<span class="string">"<span class="subst">${script_path}</span>/seahub.sh start >> <span class="subst">${seahub_init_log}</span> 2>&1"</span>
                fi
        RETVAL=<span class="variable">$?</span>
        echo
        [ <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span> -eq <span class="number">0</span> ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/seahub
        <span class="keyword">return</span> <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span>
}
stop() {
        echo -n <span class="variable">$"</span>Shutting down seafile: <span class="string">"
        su - <span class="subst">${user}</span> -c"</span><span class="variable">${script_path}</span>/seahub.sh stop >> <span class="variable">${seahub_init_log}</span> <span class="number">2</span>>&<span class="number">1</span><span class="string">"
        RETVAL=<span class="variable">$?</span>
        echo
        [ <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span> -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/seahub
        return <span class="variable">$RETVAL</span>
}
# See how we were called.
case "</span><span class="variable">$1</span><span class="string">" in
  start)
        start
        ;;
  stop)
        stop
        ;;
  restart|reload)
        stop
        start
        RETVAL=<span class="variable">$?</span>
        ;;
  <span class="variable">*)</span>
        echo <span class="variable">$"</span>Usage: <span class="variable">$0</span> {start|stop|restart}"</span>
        RETVAL=<span class="number">3</span>
esac
<span class="keyword">exit</span> <span class="variable">$RETVA</span>

4)接下来启动程序

chmod 550 /etc/init.d/seafile
chmod 550 /etc/init.d/seahub
chkconfig <span class="comment">--add seafile</span>
chkconfig <span class="comment">--add seahub</span>
chkconfig seahub on
chkconfig seafile on

5)执行

service seafile start
service seahub start

企业版的网盘就ok啦!可以给几百人个人都不是事!

美中不足的一点是每个人的账号密码都需要管理员手工常见,麻烦,费事,下面再介绍个更加高大上的,结合ldap来进行认证。

  1. ldap的认证配置我这里就不多说。自行google下。

  2. 结合ldap。
    • 这里我使用Email方式。因为ldap配置时公司几乎都会给个Email账号这样方便在seafile中区分唯一id。

配置说明:

<span class="title">[LDAP]</span>
<span class="setting">HOST = <span class="value">ldap://<span class="number">192.168</span>.<span class="number">1.123</span>/  #ldap地址</span></span>
<span class="setting">BASE = <span class="value">cn=users,accounts,dc=example,dc=com  #根据你自己的ldap结构来配置</span></span>
<span class="setting">USER_DN = <span class="value">administrator@example.local</span></span>
<span class="setting">PASSWORD = <span class="value">secret</span></span>
<span class="setting">LOGIN_ATTR = <span class="value">mail</span></span>

下面是我的ldap配置:

<span class="title">[LDAP]</span>
<span class="setting">HOST = <span class="value">ldap://<span class="number">10.10</span>.<span class="number">106.201</span>/</span></span>
<span class="setting">BASE = <span class="value">cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=in77,dc=cc</span></span>
<span class="setting">LOGIN_ATTR = <span class="value">mail</span></span>

说明:我没配USER_DN和PASSWORD,因为我的ldap用户匿名用户就可以访问。我刚配的时候就是坑啊!配了USER_DN,死活没用。踩坑成功。。

  1. 完成后,直接用ldap账号密码就可以登陆seafile了。

小结:

seafile还是很强的,可以给文件加密来分享给别人。即使管理员也看不了!

可以分组,只给组内人分享。

相关链接:

seafile手册

seafile手册2

原文  http://www.jianshu.com/p/d7635d0ecfbd

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